Our podiatrists are experienced and qualified in examining the entire lower limb, from the hips to the toes. Incorrect foot posture is a common cause for knee, hip and back pain, and we are able to assess your body as a whole to determine what might be causing your pain. Common lower limb conditions include:
- Osteoarthritis: osteoarthritis is the degeneration of a joint caused by overuse. The overuse can be caused by general aging and wear and tear, sports or misalignment of the foot. Common locations of osteoarthritis in the lower limb include hips, knees, ankles and feet. Orthotics can often provide immense relief for arthritis pain, as well as slowing the progression.
- Osgood-Schlatter disease: a painful condition affecting the knee. It is mostly found in adolescents between the ages of 9 and 16, and is caused by overuse of the knee particularly during a growth spurt. The condition is usually self-limiting, however our podiatrists can assist with stretches and exercises.
- Shin splints: the common name for medial tibial stress syndrome. It is pain felt along the shin and can be experienced in one or both legs. It is an overuse injury that often arises after trying to exercise beyond your current fitness level. Other contributing factors include flat feet causing the muscles to overwork, poor footwear and high impact exercise such as running. Treatment consists of icing, rest, stretching, footwear modification and orthotics.
- Deep vein thrombosis: a potentially serious health issue involving the formation of a blood clot in the deep veins of the legs. Factors that contribute to the develop of a DVT include long flights, surgery, immobility, heart disease, smoking, obesity, heart disease and family history. A DVT is symptomised by pain and swelling in the affected leg. A DVT becomes life threatening if the clot travels through the circulatory system and becomes a pulmonary embolism. Treatment consists of anticoagulatory drugs, hospitalisation and modification of risk factors.
- Muscle tears and strains: can occur during strenuous exercise or during the course of everyday activity where a sudden movement occurs. Symptoms include pain, bruising and stiffness. They can range in severity from tearing a few muscle fibers to a complete tear of the muscle. Treatment depends on the severity of the strain, and includes rest, icing, compression and surgery.